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Reference Collaborative Processes in eBIZ/TC Upstream (2018-1)

Introduction to the Reference collaborative processes (ebBP)

The representation of the inter-company collaborative processes is a result of eBIZ/TC Upstream.
In fact, sharing a common representation of the collaborative process (a scenario) and of its activities and messages to be exchanged, simplifies the setup of the collaboration and reduces misalignments and misunderstanding.
Its representation can be codified with an XML document (a ebBP, according with the ebXML terminology)

The reference collaboration processes are described (as images and as Business Process Specification Schemas) for some common typologies of the textile Clothing supply chain; starting from these representations the firms and their technology suppliers will be able to decide to implement them completely or partially, or to create new variants more taylord to their needs.


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Process 1 - Fabric supply
Process Fabric supply
Description Process that describes the procurement of fabric by Clothing companies or Brand Retailers or other kind of Users (Home textile or automotive).
Process activities
Process activities
Activity transactions Diagrams
1 - Selection of fabrics
Activity of selection of the fabrics that the Clothing Producer (or any other User) insert in its Collection (includes the exchange of the products codes, the technical sheets, the anticipation or the forecast about articles to be purcased)
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2 - Purchase of fabrics
Activity of purchase of fabrics, includes monitoring of the advancements of the order.
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3 - Fabric delivery with quality reporting by controller
Activity of delivering the fabrics to the Clients or their SubContractors after the intervention of a Controller (inspection of the pieces)
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4 - Despatch of fabrics with groupage
In this scenario, the Fabric Producers agree to send fabrics and accessories ordered by the Apparel Producer to a Logistics Company or directly to the Apparel Subcontractor specified by the Apparel Producer. The Apparel Producer send a Despatch Request of the "kit" to the Fabric Producer or to the Logistics company so that it can make the "groupage (fabric, buttons, fastners…) and send it to the specified Subcontractor. At this point, the Logistics company (or the Fabric Producer) sends the Despatch Advise to the Apparel Producer to confirm the shipping; the same document is sent to the Subcontractor to anticipate the information about the material it will receive.
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5 - Fabric delivery with quality reporting by producer
Activity of delivering the fabrics to the Clients or their SubContractors without the intervention of a Controller
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6 - Invoicing of fabrics
Activity that brings to completion the trading between the Fabric Producer and the Apparel Producer, enabling the Fabric Producer to debit the product supplied and any additional service performed.
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Diagrams
Functions/Actors involved
  • Apparel Producer
    Company or company function that organises manufacturing and material supplying in order to obtain a finished garments from fabrics. It is the Client of the Fabric Producer and partially of the Yarn Producer.
  • Apparel Subcontractor
    Sub-contracting company (or company function) that hires job to the Apparel Producer (for example cutting/sewing operations, but also dying).
  • Fabric Controller
    Company or company function that checks the quality of the fabrics on behalf of the producer (of fabric or of garment).
  • Fabric Producer
    Company or company function that organises manufacturing and material supplying in order to obtain a finished fabric used for the production of garments or home textile. The actual manufacturing may be done by own factories or by sub-contractors. Its productive process has in input yarns and in output fabrics. It is the Supplier of the Apparel Producer and the customer of the Yarn Producer.
 

Process 2 - Garment accessory supply
Process Garment accessory supply
Description Process that describes the procurement of garment accessories by Clothing companies or Brand Retailers or other kind of Users (Home textile or automotive).
Process activities
Process activities
Activity transactions Diagrams
1 - Purchase of garment accessories
Activity of purchase of garment accessories, includes monitoring of the advancements of the order.
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2 - Delivery of garment accessories
Activity of delivering the garment accessory to the Clients.
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Diagrams
Functions/Actors involved
  • Apparel Producer
    Company or company function that organises manufacturing and material supplying in order to obtain a finished garments from fabrics. It is the Client of the Fabric Producer and partially of the Yarn Producer.
  • Garment Accessory Producer
    Company or company function that produces garment accessories; has Apparel and Knitwear producers as customers.
 

Process 3 - On-line stock service
Process On-line stock service
Description On line service to offer/retrieve of stocks of textile/Clothing products.
Process activities
Process activities
Activity transactions Diagrams
1 - On-line stocks offer
Online offer for stocks of fashion products
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Diagrams
Functions/Actors involved
  • e-Service Manager
    eBusiness centralised service.
  • Retail Organisation
    Company or company function that sells the garments to the consumer. It is the Client of the Apparel Producer, Knitwear Producer, Yarn Producer.
 

Process 4 - Sales on eService
Process Sales on eService
Description Fashion product sales on eService
Process activities
Process activities
Activity transactions Diagrams
1 - Initial transmission of information to eService
(New or updated)
The producer sends information about his articles to be placed on the eService, possibly accompanied by information on availability and on customers already known or belonging to specific categories.
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2 - Update information to eService
(New or updated)
The producer sends updates regarding the products on the eService and related prices, possibly accompanied by information on availability
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3 - Despatching instructions from eService
(New or updated)
Shipping instructions from eService to the fashion product manufacturer (OPTIONAL: dependent on agreement between manufacturer and eService)
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Diagrams
Functions/Actors involved
  • e-Service Manager
    eBusiness centralised service.
  • Fashion producer
    Company or company function that produce fashion products (garments, accessories, footwear,…); its industrial process has in input materials and in output final fashion goods for the final customers. Is supplier of the Sales organisation.
 

Process 5 - Subcontracted fabric darning and inventory
Process Subcontracted fabric darning and inventory
Description Process by which the Fabric Producer function commissions to a Subcontractor the screening and darning of the grey fabric.
Process activities
Process activities
Activity transactions Diagrams
1 - Subcontracted fabric darning
Activity by which a Contractor commissions the darning of grey fabric to a Subcontractor
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Diagrams
Functions/Actors involved
  • Darn Subcontractor
    Sub-contracting company (or company function) that hires job to the Fabric Producer for darning operations.
  • Fabric Producer
    Company or company function that organises manufacturing and material supplying in order to obtain a finished fabric used for the production of garments or home textile. The actual manufacturing may be done by own factories or by sub-contractors. Its productive process has in input yarns and in output fabrics. It is the Supplier of the Apparel Producer and the customer of the Yarn Producer.
 

Process 6 - Subcontracted fabric manufacturing
Process Subcontracted fabric manufacturing
Description Fabric production process commissioned to subcontractors; the process starts from raw material and produces finished fabrics. The Fabric Producer function commissions to specialised Subcontractors some value-added operations of the manufacturing cycle because of specific know-how or scale economies. In this process 3 events are foundamental: the issue of the commission order, the swap of the material, the reporting of the order progress.
Process activities
Process activities
Activity transactions Diagrams
1 - Subcontracted warping
Activity by which a Contractor commissions a ground warp to a Subcontractor
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2 - Subcontracted weaving
Activity by which a Contractor commissions the weaving of grey fabric to a Subcontractor
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3 - Subcontracted fabric dyeing-finishing
(New or updated)
Activity by which a Contractor commissions the dyeing-finishing of grey fabric to a Subcontractor
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4 - Subcontracted fabric printing
(New or updated)
Activity by which a Contractor commissions the printing of fabric to a Subcontractor
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Diagrams
Functions/Actors involved
  • Dyeing/Finishing Subcontractor
    Sub-contracting company (or company function) that hires job to the Fabric Producer or the Apparel Producer for dying/finishing operations (it is a kind of Subcontractor for both).
  • Fabric Producer
    Company or company function that organises manufacturing and material supplying in order to obtain a finished fabric used for the production of garments or home textile. The actual manufacturing may be done by own factories or by sub-contractors. Its productive process has in input yarns and in output fabrics. It is the Supplier of the Apparel Producer and the customer of the Yarn Producer.
  • Fabric Subcontractor
    Sub-contracting company (or company function) of the Fabric supplier; he perform some phasis of the fabric production process on behalf of the Fabric Supplier.
  • Printshop Subcontractor
    Company or company function that prints the fabrics. It is a subcontractor of Fabric Supplier.
 

Process 7 - Subcontracted fashion manufacturing
Process Subcontracted fashion manufacturing
Description Subcontracted production of the fashion good. The main role is the Apparel Producer that subcontracts one or more phases of the production to a Subcontractor
Process activities
Process activities
Activity transactions Diagrams
1 - Master Data transmission
(New or updated)
Activity by which a Apparel Producer sends technical information to a Subcontractor about a product that he will receive for working or that he will obtain from its activity.
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2 - Subcontracted fashion manufacturing
(New or updated)
Activity of assignment and negotiation of a commission for the production of fashion products or their components
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3 - Fashion commission order status
(New or updated)
Activity of notifying the Commissioner about the advancement of the fashion commission order placed to a Sub-contractor
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4 - Fashion commission inhouse and invoicing
(New or updated)
Activity of managing the closure of the fashion commission (it deals with a final fashion product or its component)
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Diagrams
Functions/Actors involved
  • Fashion producer
    Company or company function that produce fashion products (garments, accessories, footwear,…); its industrial process has in input materials and in output final fashion goods for the final customers. Is supplier of the Sales organisation.
  • Fashion Subcontractor
    Sub-contracting company (or company function) that hires job to the Fashion producer (for example cutting/sewing operations, but also dying).
 

Process 8 - Subcontracted knitwear manufacturing
Process Subcontracted knitwear manufacturing
Description Subcontracted production of the knitwear; the input of the process is yarn and accessories ; the phasis of the process include knitting, cutting, assembling and finishing (washing, ironing, labelling, ..etc…).
Process activities
Process activities
Activity transactions Diagrams
1 - Knitting and assembling
Activity concering the production process for the knitwear; the main steps of the process are knitting, cutting, assembling.
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2 - Knitwear finishing
Activity concerning the final processing of knitwear (washing, shrinking, ironing, labelling, ..)
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Diagrams
Functions/Actors involved
  • Knitwear Producer
    Company or company function that produce Knitwear; its industrial process has in input yarns and in output final goods, Knitwear. His supplier is Yarn Supplier.
  • Knitwear Subcontractor
    Sub-contracting company or company function that hires job for Knitwear producer; he may receive yarns or unfinished Knitwear and produces Knitwear (finished or less).
 

Process 9 - Subcontracted yarn manufacturing
Process Subcontracted yarn manufacturing
Description Yarn production process commissioned to subcontractors; the process starts from raw material and produces finished yarns. The Yarn Producer function commissions to specialised Subcontractors some value-added operations of the manufacturing cycle because of specific know-how or scale economies. In this process 3 events are foundamental: the issue of the commission order, the swap of the material, the reporting of the order progress.
Process activities
Process activities
Activity transactions Diagrams
1 - Subcontracted dyeing of raw material
Activity of commissioning to a Subcontrctor the dyeing of raw material.
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2 - Subcontracted spinning of raw material
Activity of commissioning to a Subcontractor the spinning of raw material.
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3 - Subcontracted yarn twisting
Activity of commissioning to a Subcontractor the twisting of yarn.
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4 - Subcontracted yarn dyeing
Activity of commissioning to a Subcontrctor the dyeing of yarn
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Diagrams
Functions/Actors involved
  • Dyeing/Finishing Subcontractor
    Sub-contracting company (or company function) that hires job to the Fabric Producer or the Apparel Producer for dying/finishing operations (it is a kind of Subcontractor for both).
  • Yarn Producer
    Company or company function that produces yarns from raw material; has mainly Fabric and Knitwear producers as customers (clothing producers sometimes).
  • Yarn Subcontractor
    Sub-contracting company (or company function) of the Yarn supplier; he perform some phasis of the yarn production process on behalf of the Yarn Supplier.
 

Process 10 - Yarn supply
Process Yarn supply
Description Process of supplying of yarns (usually for production of fabrics, knitwear; sometimes directly to clothing producing functions and other industrial users and to final customers).
Process activities
Process activities
Activity transactions Diagrams
1 - Selection of yarns
(New or updated)
The Fabric or Knitwear producer selects the yarns on which to place its purchase orders
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2 - Purchase of yarns
Activity of purchase of yarns, includes monitoring of the advancements of the order.
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3 - Delivery of yarn
Activity of delivering the yarn to the Clients This activity does not include the provision of a quality report to the Client and the invoicing
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Diagrams
Functions/Actors involved
  • Fabric Producer
    Company or company function that organises manufacturing and material supplying in order to obtain a finished fabric used for the production of garments or home textile. The actual manufacturing may be done by own factories or by sub-contractors. Its productive process has in input yarns and in output fabrics. It is the Supplier of the Apparel Producer and the customer of the Yarn Producer.
  • Yarn Producer
    Company or company function that produces yarns from raw material; has mainly Fabric and Knitwear producers as customers (clothing producers sometimes).